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History


Some history...

The territory of Hungary, the Carpathian Basin has been inhabited since about the 6th century B.C. Our first historical remains date back to the Romans who founded Aquincum, the capital of the Roman province "Pannonia Inferior" in the present territory of Ancient Buda (Óbuda). Its name means "rich in waters" and refers to the thermal and medicinal waters of Budapest. The Hungarians set off towards their new land, Levedia, situated in the region of the Ural (it is in Russia today). Hungarians have Finno-Ugrian origin and lived together with the Finnish, Estonians and other small nations living in Russia. In the year 896, under the direction of leader Árpád, seven Hungarian tribes - then pagan and nomadic yet - occupied the Carpathian Basin. Commemorating this event, we celebrated the millennium of the occupation of the land in 1996. Our first Catholic king, Saint Stephen was crowned in the year 1000 by the Pope Silvestre II. He is regarded as the most important personality of our history, as it was him - along with the first Hungarian kings of the House Árpád - who founded the Christian Hungarian State, spread the ideas of the Christianity and due to this activity the Hungarians were able to survive the other European nomadic tribes. The last Hungarian king of the dynasty of Árpád died in 1301 and Hungary came under the influence of royal families like e.g. the Anjou.
In the 15th century, during the reign of Matthias, Hungary was one of the most developed countries of Europe and his Renaissance court in Buda was well-known all over the continent.
In 1541 the Turks occupied the country and stayed here for 150 years. In 1686 the Christian troops freed Hungary from the domination of the Turks, but the country immediately came under the influence of the Hapsburgs.
The Hungarian nation was continuously fighting for its freedom against the Hapsburgs during the centuries 18 and 19, till 1867 when Hungary and Austria came to a compromise.
After the Compromise a dynamic development was started in the country in the fields of industry, commerce, constructions, administration and culture.
In 1876 the three independent towns - Buda, Pest and Óbuda - were united forming Budapest, the capital of the present Hungary.
In the two world wars our country fought on the side of Germany and lost. We lost two-thirds of the territory of the country, the majority of our industry and communication network; what is more, the monuments were demolished. In our days you can see everything reconstructed and the capital is about to be converted into a real metropolis.
As a consequence of our stormy history, the majority of our historical monuments date back to the 18th century, but Hungary is a country where you can meet different cultures - both oriental and occidental -, cultures of different historical civilizations from the Romans to the 21st century.